Thoth with head of ibis, writing
Zecharia Sitchin’s theory of genetic alterations brought about by the Anunnaki isn’t the only possible explanation for the sudden appearance of civilization in Sumer. Those same genetic modifications could have been the result of refugees from the advanced culture of Atlantis after it imploded (more on that much later). Or, according to yet a third theory, they may have resulted when former inhabitants of Mars fled to Earth after their atmosphere was rendered too thin to support life. According to these theories, the refugees from Atlantis, or Mars, altered the DNA of certain hominids—either primates like chimpanzees or early fossil ancestors, such as Homo erectus—to increase their brain capacity and ability to use spoken languages, much as the Anunnaki are said to have done. Any of these theories would explain why archaeologists have never found what used to be called the “missing link” between primates and Homo sapiens—although “last common ancestor” is now the preferred term; it avoids the connotation of linear evolution as evolution is now more accurately seen as a branching process.
Genetic manipulation would also explain another absence of a transition stage in human progress. How is it that the basics of modern civilization all appeared on the Arabian Peninsula, from Mesopotamia to Egypt, among small groups of primitive hunter-gatherers, yet has left no historical trail of development. Anthropology reveals remarkably similar “creator god” figures in many cultures who are credited with gifting a ready-made civilization to the primal inhabitants of many parts of the Earth. As long ago as 6,000 BC, for instance, the ancient Egyptians revered Thoth as the inventor of mathematics, astronomy, technology, healing, botany, and above all, writing. This great lord of magic and conveyor of all knowledge, human and divine, was later known in Greece as Hermes Trismegistos. Like Thoth, Hermes was the scribe of the gods, the inventor of writing, and the patron of all the arts dependent on writing. Also in Egypt, Osiris is said to have given the Egyptians their first set of laws and the gift of agriculture. Osiris taught humanity how to cultivate grapes for wine and to grow wheat and barley, along with the ability to create monumental structures and hydro-technical works completely beyond the capabilities of early hunter-gatherer cultures.
Meanwhile, among the Aztecs of Central America, the god Quetzalcoatal (also worshipped as the Feathered Serpent or Kulkulkan) brought all the crafts and sciences necessary for the transition to civilized life, which ensured the advent of a new Golden Age. These god-men are not described as spiritual beings, like the God of the Hebrew Bible and Christian Old Testament, but as flesh-and-blood figures—often with wings or birds’ heads because of their ability to fly—teaching humanity all the practical arts and skills. The only question is where these god-men came from. How did Thoth, Osiris, Hermes, and Quetzalcoatl manage to materialize among such disparate, widespread peoples of the Earth bearing vast stores of unprecedented knowledge? If the indigenous peoples had themselves developed agriculture, written language, the calendar, wheel, plow, and monumental architecture over thousands of years, why would they not take credit for these feats instead of ascribing their invention to mythical gods? Scholars agree that the Sumerians themselves attributed all of their progress to the influence of the Anunnaki rather than their own ingenuity. (See Heather Lynn, The Anunnaki Connection, 2020, p. 86.)